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    Clause ,phrase and sentence

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    الاستاذة أمال
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    Clause ,phrase and sentence

    Post by الاستاذة أمال on 2012-06-08, 09:32

    Clause, phrase and sentence
    The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

    *[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]
    *[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]
    *[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]
    *[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]


    Clauses are made up of phrases:

    *[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]
    *[when] + [he] + + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

    *[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]
    *[and][had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

    We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

    *An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.
    *WilliamBrown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.

    clause structure

    All clauses in English have at least two parts: a noun phrase and a verb phrase:


    Noun phrase (subject)

    Verb phrase

    The children
    All the people in the bus


    laughed
    were watching



    But most clauses have more than two parts:

    Noun phrase (subject)

    Verb phrase





    The children
    John
    All of the girls
    This soup
    Mary and the family
    She


    laughed
    wanted
    are learning
    tastes
    were driving
    put



    a new bicycle
    English
    awful
    to Madrid
    the flowers







    in a vase



    The first noun phrase is the subject of the sentence:

    *The children laughed.
    *John wanted a new bicycle.
    *All the girls are learning English.
    *She put the flowers in the vase.


    English clauses always have a subject:

    *His father has just retired. Was a teacher. He was a teacher.
    *I’m waiting for my wife. Is late. She is late.


    except for the imperative which is used to give orders:

    Stop!
    Go away
    .
    and for "soft imperatives" like invitations and requests:

    *Please come to dinner tomorrow.
    *Play it again please.


    If we have no other subject we use "there" or "it"as subject. We call this a ‘dummy subject’:

    *There were twenty people at the meeting..
    *There will be an eclipse of the moon tonight.

    *It’s a lovely day.
    *It’s nearly one o’clock.
    *I have toothache. It hurts a lot.

      Current date/time is 2017-01-18, 06:17