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    Adverbials -3"

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    الاستاذة أمال
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    Adverbials -3"

    Post by الاستاذة أمال on 2012-05-30, 06:28

    -Adverbials of time:
    1)Time and dates:
    -We use phrases with prepositions as time adverbials:
    -We use at with:

    -clock times: at seven o’clock - at nine thirty - at fifteen hundred hours
    mealtimes:
    : at breakfast - at lunchtime - at teatime
    … and in these phrases:
    at night - at the weekend - at Christmas - at Easter
    - We use in with:

    -seasons of the year: in spring/summer/autumn/winter - in the spring /summer/autumn/winter
    -years and centuries:
    : in 2009 -in 1998 - in the twentieth century
    -months:

    - in January/February/March etc.
    [b]parts of the day:

    -in the morning - in the afternoon - in the evening.

    We use on with:
    days: on Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday etc - on Christmas day - on my birthday.
    dates:
    -on the thirty first of July - on June 15th

    Note: We say [b]at night
    when we are talking about all of the night:

    -When there is no moon it is very dark at night.
    -He sleeps during the day and works at night.

    but we say in the nightwhen we are talking about a short time during the night:

    -He woke up twice in the night.
    -I heard a funny noise in the night.

    -We use the adverb ago with the past simple to sayhow long before the time of speaking something happened:

    -I saw Jim about [b]three weeks ago.
    -We arrived a few minutes ago.


    -We can put time phrases together:

    -We will meet next week at six o’clock on Monday.
    -I heard a funny noise at about eleven o’clock last night.
    -It happened last week at seven o’clock on Monday night.

    2)How long:

    -We use for to say how long:

    -We have been waiting for twenty minutes.
    -They lived in Manchester for fifteen years.

    -We use since with the present perfect or the past perfect to say when something started:

    -I have worked here [b]since December.
    -They had been watching since seven o’clock in the morning.

    -We use [b]from …to/until to say when something [b]starts and
    finishes:

    -They stayed with us from Monday to Friday.
    -We will be on holiday from the sixteenth until the twentieth.

    3)How often:
    -The commonest adverbials of frequency are:

    always never normally occasionally often
    rarely seldom sometimes usually
    -We usually put adverbials of frequency in front of the main verb:

    -We often spend Christmas with friends.
    -I have neverenjoyed myself so much.

    -but they usually come after the verb be:

    -He was always tired in the evening.
    -We are never late for work.

    -We use the adverbial a lot to mean often or frequently. It comes at the end of the clause:

    -We go to the cinema a lot.

    but [b]before another time adverbial:

    -We go to the cinema [b]a lot at the weekend.

    -We use [b]much
    with a negative to mean not often:

    -We don’t go out much. (= We don’t go out often)

    -We use how often or ever to ask questions about frequency. How often comes at the beginning of the clause:

    -How often do you go to the cinema?
    -How often have you been here?

    -ever comes before the main verb:

    -Do you ever go to the cinema at the weekend?
    -Have you ever been there?

    -Longer frequency phrases, like every year or three times a day usually come at the end of the clause:

    -I have an English lesson twice a week.
    -She goes to see her mother every day

    4)Already, still, yet and no longer:
    -We use still to show that something continues up to a time in the past present or future. It goes in front of the main verb:

    -The children still enjoyed playing games.
    -They are [b]still
    living next door.
    -We will still be on holiday.


    or after the present simple or the past simple of be:

    -Her grandfather is still alive.
    -They were still unhappy.

    -We use already to show that something has happened sooner than it was expected to happen. Like still, it comes before the main verb:

    -The car is OK. I’ve already fixed it.
    -It was early but they were already sleeping.

    … or after the present simple or past simple of the verb be:

    -It was early but we were already tired.
    -We are alreadylate.


    -We use yet in a negative or interrogative
    clause, usually with perfective aspect (especially in British English),
    to show that something has not happened by a particular time. yet comes at the end of the sentence
    :

    -It was late, but they hadn’t arrived yet.
    -Have you fixed the car yet?
    -She won’t have sent the email yet.

      Current date/time is 2017-01-18, 06:12